“New Germany”. here’s how Economist describes the changes in doctrine implemented since the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February by Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s government. Although his country has long had significant trade ties with Russia, it has been actively involved in enforcing sanctions against the Kremlin. He also provided logistical and technical support to Ukrainian forces and agreed to block the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which was supposed to transport Russian gas to Germany.
“The war in Ukraine pushed the sleeping giant, Germany, to life, reviving the country that was both Russia’s best partner and worst enemy.” comments on the British title, whose cover on August 13 shows a German imperial eagle breaking its carapace to take flight. “Vladimir Putin’s incitement may well push Germany into the role it fears: that of a stronger, bolder and more determined leader of a more united Europe.”
The need for change
This is the opinion of the economic newspaper “Germany desperately needed a shake-up.” Although the country has boasted extraordinary economic success and political stability over the years, it has always been relatively vulnerable – in part due to its reluctance to invest in its own defense.
Its energy dependence on Russia and important trade ties with China have made it a colossus on clay feet, as well as insufficient investment in its own infrastructure and digital backwardness. “Today there is a great opportunity because the Germans feel something rare for a democracy: a consensus on the need to revolutionize the economy and defense.”
“A good dose of determination”
for Economist, it won’t be easy. but “these challenges are within the country’s reach.” In terms of energy, for example, there is a solution to compensate for the lack of Russian gas. “Germany is restarting its dusty coal-fired power plants. Will invest in renewable energy sourcesdetails the liberal weekly. It should extend (it will certainly come true) the service life of three nuclear power plants, the closure of which was hastily planned. It should also lift the ban on fracking, which prevents access to its vast reserves of shale gas.”
“With enough determination, other problems will also find solutions.” The Chancellor of Germany has already announced massive investments in the military sphere. At the same time, the government “has begun a comprehensive review of its relations with China and will soon release a national security strategy.” As for the energy transition and the dematerialization of the economy, it also seems to be the case “much more susceptible to deficit financing.”
However, Germany’s future will depend on the international context. If countries like Turkey and the United States were to withdraw from NATO, Berlin would face increased security challenges. At the European level, the Germans could also be involved in the game “an important role” against Poland and Hungary, a headwind against Brussels.
“But the greatest danger is that the right moment will pass, and Germany will again fall into caution and immobility, writes a London newspaper. Major reforms take years, and Scholz is not particularly popular.”