Soon the cheetah is on the verge of extinction – Release

Anxious studies indicate a decline in the number of poachers, the impact of fashion and a sharp decline in its habitat.

The fastest mammal on earth (maximum 130 km / h) in poor condition. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), only 6,700 adult and adolescent cheetahs remain on the planet. The study, published December 26 by the London Zoological Society and the Environmental Protection Agency, has 7,100.

Conflicts and habitat loss

Cheetahs suffer from the disappearance and fragmentation of their habitats, from the pressure of infrastructure projects and mines, from their victims who also suffer, and from recurring conflicts with farmers. They are found mainly in southern Africa, but also on the rest of the continent and in Iran. In decades, they have disappeared in Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco and Morocco. Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Western Sahara.

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Listed by the IUCN Red List since 1986, cheetahs have lost 89% of their territory over the centuries. Subspecies living in Iran, North and West Africa are even considered “endangered”, which is the last step before extinction in the wild.

Pet

Their current life expectancy is on average 14 years for women and 10 years for men. It may still be declining, although IUCN has been witnessing an increase in illegal international trade in wild cheetahs for several years. They are killed for their skins or left alive to serve as pets. In the Gulf countries, it has even become fashionable. Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are members of Cites, an organization that regulates international wildlife trade, and must respect its rules. However, the cheetah is classified in CITES Appendix I, which means that its international trade is completely prohibited. In addition, pets live shorter than in the wild, because their “owners” usually do not know their diet. “Some cheetahs that feed only on poultry suffer from complete or partial paralysis of the lower extremities due to spinal cord injury”IUCN noted.

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In Sudan, traditional men’s shoes are made of speckled cat skin. For IUCN, the popularity of this accessory “Large enough to pose a threat to cheetah populations living in neighboring countries”.

To strengthen the protection of the species, the London Zoological Society and the Society for the Protection of Wildlife are asking to transfer cheetahs from the category of “vulnerable” to “endangered” in the IUCN Red List. There are already 14 national conservation plans in Africa, including in Kenya and Ethiopia, where some specimens are illegally hunted for trade. In Somalia, the main country where poaching takes place, there is no program to protect this big cat.

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